NASA’s Daring Parker Solar Mission to ‘Touch Sun’ Tracking Towards Saturday Early Morning Blastoff Aug. 11: Watch Live

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe encapsulated in payload fairing is
on the move as its rolling from Astrotech processing facility in Titusville on
July 30 to Space Launch Complex-37 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL for
hoisting atop United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket and launch targeted
for Aug. 11, 2018. Credit: Ken Kremer/kenkremer.com/spaceupclose.com

Ken Kremer     SpaceUpClose.com     10 August 2018

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FL – NASA’s daring Parker Solar Probe mission to ‘touch the sun’ is tracking
towards a spectacular blastoff in the wee hours of Saturday early morning August
11.

For those who have been, following
along or not, the launch time has shifted slightly earlier.

Liftoff is slated for the opening
of a launch
window
that starts at 3:33 a.m. EDT
(0748 GMT) and lasts for 65 minutes until 4:38 a.m. EDT (0833
GMT).

The bold Parker Solar Probe mission
will fly far closer to the Sun than any prior spacecraft – some ten times
closer in fact.


Parker is on a historic mission
to fly
through the sun’s outer
atmosphere — the solar corona – skimming
within
4 million miles,
8.86 solar
radii (6.2 million kilometers) of the suns fiercely hot surface where it
will encounter brutally hot conditions reaching into the millions of degrees
and extremely intense and deadly radiation.  

Check out our exclusive gallery
of Space UpClose eyewitness rollout photos taken last week and others from pad
37 as the rocket was undergoing wet dress rehearsal activities. 


You can watch the launch live on NASA Television and the agency’s website.

Live launch coverage starts at 3 a.m.
EDT Sat., Aug. 11

The weather outlook is currently
good with a 70 percent chance of acceptable conditions at launch time.

In case of delays for any reason
technical or weather, back uo launch opportunities exist on Monday and Tuesday.
The launch time shifts slightly each day.

Parker’s sure to be spectacular post-midnight
launch is slated for
Aug. 11, 2018 atop the triple barrel United Launch Alliance Delta
IV Heavy rocket, the most powerful vehicle in the firms fleet,
from pad 37 on Cape Canaveral

Blastoff of the car sized probe
has been delayed several times to deal with a variety of spacecraft technical
and payload processing issues from its originally planned July 31 liftoff date
and eaten into the 3 week launch period – that’s was just extended a few more
days! 

NASA and ULA only have until
August 13 to get the spacecraft off the ground. So its getting close to the end
of the launch period after which it will have to sit on Earth until the next
opportunity for liftoff in May 2019.

The vehicle stack mounted inside
the white colored fairing consists of the Parker Solar Probe (PSP) integrated
on top of the
third
stage rocket motor, a Star 48BV provided by Northrop Grumman, formerly Orbital
ATK.

The car-sized PSP is 3 meters
tall and has a mass of
1,424-pounds (646-kilograms). It
was developed at a cost of $1.5 Billion.  

As part of the final prelaunch
operations, technicians
lifted and mated PSP onto the Star 48BV rocket motor on July 11.

The
third stage Star 48 BV rocket motor was added as an essential element required
to get enough thrust for PSP to leave the influence of the Earth’s gravity
field and fly within very close proximity of the sun to carry out its mission
to ‘Touch the Sun’.

The
stack was then encapsulated inside the bisector fairing at Astrotech on July
16, 2018.

The
triple stick ULA Delta IV Heavy is the worlds largest operational launch
vehicle and United Launch Alliance (ULA) was selected by NASA as the launch
provider several years ago.   

“The Delta IV Heavy, Parker Solar Probe will
use a third stage rocket to gain the speed needed to reach the Sun, which takes
55 times more energy than reaching Mars,” says NASA.

The
PSP convoy reached pad 37 after midnight Tuesday morning, July 31.

The
next step was to mount the satellite stack on top of the
Delta IV Heavy rocket
inside the
Mobile Service Tower (MST) to carry out the science
mission.


Technicians
then quickly got to work and hoisted the PSP payload stack and integrated it on
top of the already waiting
two-stage
approximately 179 foot tall (55 meter tall)
Delta IV Heavy stack comprising two stages.

The MST stands 330 feet (100 meter) tall and is easily visible from
multiple vantage points in the Florida Space Coast region.

The
two stage Delta IV Heavy stack had already completed a pair of critical Wet
Dress Rehearsal (WDR) exercises conducted by
engineers and technicians on July 2 and July 6 to ensure that the rocket
will be ready for the blastoff now currently targeted for August 11 – as I
reported here earlier.

Check
out our exclusive Space UpClose photos of the two stage Delta IV Heavy stack on
the pad after the WDRs were successfully concluded.

“I’m very happy to say that Solar Probe is in
the fairing and is on top of the Delta IV Heavy as of 12 Noon today,” said
Nicky Fox, Parker Solar Probe’s project scientist at the Johns Hopkins
University Applied Physics Laboratory, which developed the mission for NASA, at
a live media briefing held earlier at the University of Chicago.

“It was hoisted up this morning.”

“I think it’s fair to say that Parker Solar
Probe is go for the sun.”

The key goals are to try and
answer fundamental questions about the nature of the sun and development an
understanding of how the sun works – such as why is the solar corona so hot.
Its much hotter than the suns surface.

Scientists also want to know why
the solar wind is accelerated to supersonic speeds.

NASA’s Parker Solar
Probe will fly ‘Where no Earth probe has gone before!’

“Throughout its seven-year mission, NASA’s
Parker Solar Probe will swoop through the Sun’s atmosphere 24 times, getting closer
to our star than any spacecraft has gone before.”

“Parker  will be the first mission to fly through the
sun’s outer atmosphere — the solar corona — to examine two fundamental
aspects of solar physics: why the corona is so much hotter than the sun’s
surface, and what accelerates the solar wind that affects Earth and our solar
system. Understanding these fundamental phenomena has been a top-priority
science goal for more than five decades. SPP will orbit the sun 24 times,
closing to within 3.9 million miles of its surface with the help of seven Venus
flybys,” says NASA.

The NASA contract award for the ULA launch
services amounts to $389.1 million for a deal signed with the agency in
2015. 

NASA previously used the Delta IV
Heavy to launch the Orion EFT-1 test flight.

Otherwise the Delta IV Heavy is
utilized to launch the heaviest clandestine payloads for national security
purposes for the USAF and NRO.

The Parker Solar Probe is named in honor of
astrophysicist Eugene Parker, S. Chandrasekhar Distinguished Service Professor
Emeritus, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago,
who predicted the existence of the solar wind in groundbreaking papers dating back
to the 1958s.

“In 1958,
Dr. Gene Parker developed a theory showing how the Sun’s corona is so hot that
it overcomes the Sun’s gravity, forming the solar wind,” says NASA.

It was previously known as Solar Probe Plus.

This was the first time NASA named a spacecraft
for a living individual.

“This probe will journey to a region humanity
has never explored before,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, the associate administrator
for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “This
mission will answer questions scientists have sought to uncover for more than
six decades.”

Watch for Ken’s continuing onsite coverage of NASA, SpaceX, ULA,
Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Orbital ATK and more space and mission reports direct
from the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida and
Wallops Flight Facility, Virginia.


Stay tuned here for Ken’s continuing Earth and Planetary science and human
spaceflight news: www.kenkremer.com
–www.spaceupclose.com – twitter @ken_kremer – email: ken at kenkremer.com

Ken Kremer

Watch for Ken’s continuing onsite coverage of NASA, SpaceX, ULA, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and more space and mission reports direct from Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida and Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. Stay tuned here for Ken's continuing Earth and Planetary science and human spaceflight news. Dr. Kremer is a research scientist and journalist based in the KSC area, active in outreach and interviewed regularly on TV and radio about space topics. Ken’s photos are for sale and he is available for lectures and outreach events.

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